Ethiopian food is typically spicy and served on injera.
Injera is a large piece of bread that lines the plate. Food is put over it and it is eaten without silverware.
Berbere is made of red chili peppers and twenty other spices. It is the spice that gives stew it’s red color.
Mitmima is a red pepper, cardamom, and salt
Awaze is a red chili paste
Kareya is a green jalapeño
Sena-fitch is a type of mustard
A bread that is thin and large and is part of every Ethiopian meal
Tibs, Fitfit, and wots are served on a piece of injera
You use your hands to eat the dish. You tear off a piece of injera and scoop it up.
Injera is mostly made of teff cereal.
What is Teff?
It is the smallest grain in the world at about 1/32” in diameter. It is high in protein, fiber, iron and calcium. 150 grains of teff is equal one kernel of wheat
Types of Meat:
Sega/Siga- Lamb or Beef
Sik Sik- Beef
Wot: an Ethiopian stew which has onion, garlic, bell peppers, chili, and cardamom in it. Wot can be flavored with berbere or turmeric. Tibs: sautéed chunks of meat with onion, garlic, and jalapeño.
In wot vegetarians can replace the meat with lentils. Other vegetarian choices are cottage cheese, eggplant, cabbage, collared greens, yellow split. peas, carrots, tomatoes and chick peas.
Tej (Honeywine/Mead) is a sweet wine which is sold only in special bars and is very strong.
Bunna is a coffee which is prepared during a ceremony.
During an Ethiopian coffee ceremony the beans are washed, roasted, grinded, boiled, and served.
The first cup of coffee is called an “abol.” The second serving is called a “huletegna” and the third serving is called a “bereka.”
The pot the coffee is made in is called a “jebena” and the small cup coffeeis serced in is called a “cini.”
Check out the following link to see a video of an Ethiopian Coffee Ceremony:
Known as Tella in Ethiopia
Meta Beer, Kidus Giorgis Bira, Harrar Sofi, (Non-alcoholic),Bedele Bira, Bati Bira, Dasheb Bira, Addis Bira
Ethiopians are traditionally Orthodox Christians or Muslims
They do not eat pork due to religious beliefs.
Ethiopians also do not eat meat on Wednesdays, Fridays, and during Lent.
People from Ethiopia only eat with their right hand and the food we eat at an Ethiopian restaurant in America would only be eaten by the wealthy or for special occasions. Ethiopian food has not been influenced by other cultures.